Canada celebrates 146 years

Canada was confederated on July 1, 1867, and will be 146 years old this year

Canada was confederated on July 1, 1867, and will be 146 years old this year.

Canada Day is the national day of Canada, a federal statutory holiday celebrating the anniversary of the July 1, 1867, enactment of the British North America Act, 1867 (today called the Constitution Act, 1867), which united three colonies into a single country called Canada within the British Empire.  Originally called Dominion Day, the holiday was renamed in 1982, the year the Canada Act was passed. Canada Day observances take place throughout Canada as well as among Canadians internationally.

Frequently referred to as “Canada’s birthday”, the occasion marks the joining of the British North American colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada into a federation of four provinces (the Province of Canada being divided, in the process, into Ontario and Quebec) on July 1, 1867. Canada became a kingdom in its own right on that date, but the British parliament and cabinet kept limited rights of political control over the new country that were shed by stages over the years until the last vestiges were surrendered in 1982, when the Constitution Act patriated the Canadian constitution.

Under the federal Holidays Act, Canada Day is observed on July 1, unless that date falls on a Sunday, in which case July 2 is the statutory holiday, although celebratory events generally take place on July 1, even though it is not the legal holiday.  If it falls on a Saturday, any businesses normally closed that day will generally dedicate the following Monday as a day off.

Most communities across the country will host organized celebrations for Canada Day, usually outdoor public events, such as parades, carnivals, festivals, barbecues, air and maritime shows, fireworks, and free musical concerts, as well as citizenship ceremonies for new citizens.

The two official languages of Canada are English and French, but there are approximately 100 different languages spoken in Canada, not including languages spoken by non-native immigrants and residents. On July 1, “Happy Birthday Canada”, will be spoken in many different dialects by people all across the country that they call “home”.

Happy 146th birthday Canada!

Article information provided by Wikipedia

 

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